Avesta -- Zoroastrian Archives Contents Prev zwords.html Next Glossary


Standardized spelling of Zoroastrian terms

I have normalized the spelling in the texts in this series in order to be consistent, and to facilitate searches. Wherever possible I have used the spellings of F.M. Kotwal and J. Boyd, A Guide to the Zoroastrian Religion, Scholars Press, 1982.

  • Aban (Phl., Pers.) (Yazad)
  • ab-zohr (Phl.)
  • Achaemenian (empire)
  • Adar ("fire")
  • Adar Burzin, Adar Burzin Mihr (Phl.) (fire)
  • Adar Farnbag (fire)
  • Adarbad Mahraspandan (Phl.) (pr n)
  • Aeshma (Av) [Phl. 'Eshm'] (demon)
  • Afrasiyab (Pers.) (pr n) [use Franrasyan]
  • afrin (Phl.) ("blessing")
  • afrinagan (Phl.) (ceremony; prayer; vessel)
  • Agerept (sin)
  • agiary (Guj.)
  • Ahriman (Phl.) (devil)
  • Ahu (Av.) ("lord")
  • Ahunawad (Gatha)
  • Ahunwar (Phl.) (prayer)
  • Ahura Mazda (Av.) (God)
  • Airik (pr n)
  • Airyaman (Yazad)
  • Airyanem Vaejah (Av.) [Eranvej] (country)
  • Alburz (mountain)
  • Amahraspand (Phl.) ("archangel")
  • Ameretat (Av.) [Phl. Amurdad.]
  • Amesha Spenta (Av.) [Phl. Amahraspand]
  • Amurdad (Phl.) (Av. Ameretat)
  • Anagran (Yazad)
  • Andarz (Phl.) (text)
  • Angra Mainyu [Ahriman] (devil)
  • anjoman (Pers.) ("association")
  • anosharawan (Phl.)
  • Aoshnar
  • ard [Av. 'Ashi Vanghuhi'] (Yazad)
  • Arda Viraf (Pers.) (pr n)
  • ardafrawash (Phl.)
  • Ardashir (Pers.) (pr n)
  • Ardavan (artabanus IV/V)
  • Ardwahisht (Phl.) [Av. 'Asha Vahishta']
  • Aredvi Sura Anahita (Av.) (Yazad)
  • Arezahi [see karshwar]
  • Arjasp (pr n)
  • Arnavaz
  • Arsacid (empire)
  • Asha (Av.)
  • Asha Vahishta (Av.) [Ardwahisht]
  • ashavan ("Asha-owning")
  • ashem vohu (Av.)
  • Ashirwad (prayer)
  • Ashishwangh [Ard] (Yazad)
  • Ashk (Phl.) [founder of the Arsacid dynasty]
  • Ashmogh (Phl.) An apostate, a heretic. (Av. 'Ashemaogha')
  • Ashtad (Phl.)
  • Asman (Phl.)
  • Astwihad (Phl.) [Av. 'Asto-widhatu'] (demon)
  • Aspandyar (Parsi Pers.)
  • Astyages (king)
  • atash (Phl., Pers.) [Adar] ("fire")
  • Atash Adaran (Pers.)
  • Atash Bahram (Pers.)
  • Atash Dadgah (Pers.)
  • athornan (Paz.) [athrawan]
  • Aushedar (pr n)
  • Aushedar-mah (pr n)
  • Auzobo
  • Avesta (Pers.) (scripture)
  • ayathrem (gahambar)
  • Az (Phl., Pers.) (demon)
  • baga (Pers.)
  • Bahman (1) (Pers.) [see Vohuman]
  • Bahman (2) (Pers.) (king)
  • Bahram (1) (Pers.) [see Warharan]
  • Bahram (2) (Pers.) (king)
  • Baj (Pers.)
  • bandagi (Pers.) ("prayer")
  • barashnom (Phl.) (ceremony)
  • baresman (Av.) [barsom]
  • barsom (Phl.) [Av. 'baresman']
  • behdin (Pers.) ("lay person")
  • behesht (Pers.)
  • Bhagaria (Guj.) (priests)
  • Bharucha (Guj.) (priests)
  • bi-namaz
  • boy (Phl.) (incense, ceremony)
  • Bradrok-resh (pr n)
  • Bundahishn (Phl.) (book)
  • Bushasp (Phl.) [Av. 'Bushyasta'] (demon)
  • Chechast (Phl.) (place)
  • Chinwad (Phl.) [Av. 'Chinavat']
  • daena (Av.) [den]
  • daeva (Av.) [dew] ("demon")
  • Dahak (use Zohak)
  • Dahm (Phl.) (pl 'dahman')
  • Dahman Afrin
  • Daitya (Av.) (river)
  • dakhma (Av.) (funerary tower)
  • Damawand (Phl., Pers.)
  • Dar-e Mihr (Pers.)
  • dashtan (Phl., Pers.) (menstruation.)
  • dastur (Pers.) ("high-priest")
  • dawar (Pers.) (judge)
  • Day-pa-Adar (day)
  • Day-pa-Den (day)
  • Day-pa-Mihr (day)
  • den/din (Phl., Pers.) (Av. 'Daena').
  • Denkard (Phl.) (book)
  • dew (Phl.) (Av. 'daeva')
  • dharma-shala (Guj.)
  • dibache (Pers.)
  • dozakh (Pers.) ("hell")
  • dron (Phl.) (Av 'draona, draonangha')
  • druj (Av.)
  • druj i nasush (Phl.)
  • Dukdaub (pr n) (or Dughdov)
  • Durasrobo (pr n)
  • duwazdah homast (Phl.)
  • Eranvej (Av. 'Airyanem Vaejah, Airyana Waejah')
  • Erenavak [use Arnavaz]
  • ervad (Parsi Guj.) (Av 'aethrapati') (priest)
  • Eshm (Av. 'Aeshma') (demon)
  • Faranghis (Pers) (daughter of Afrasiyab)
  • fargard (Phl.)
  • Farhad (pr n)
  • Faridoon (Pers.) (Av. 'Thraetaona') (pr n) ('the Aspigan')
  • farohar (Pers.) (Av. 'fravashi')
  • farokhshi (Guj.)
  • farziyat (Ar.)
  • Fasli (Pers., Ar.) (Cp Qadimi, Shahanshahi)
  • Firdausi (Pers.) (pr n)
  • fireshte (Pers.) ("angel")
  • Fradadhafshu (karshwar)
  • Franrasyan (pr n)
  • Frashegird (Av. 'Frasho-kereti')
  • Frashostar (Phl) (pr n)
  • Frasiyav (pr n)
  • fravashi (Av.) [farohar]
  • Frawardigan (Phl.)
  • Frawardin
  • gah (Phl., Pers.) ('ushahin', 'hawan', 'rapithwin', 'uzerin', and 'aiwisruthrem')
  • gahambar (Phl., Pers.) (maidyozarem, maidyoshahem, paitishahem, ayathrem, maidyarem, hamaspathmaidyem)
  • Gaokerena
  • garothman (Parsi Guj.) (Av. 'Garo-nmana')
  • Garsivaz (Pers) (brother of Afrasiyab) (Av. Keresavazda)
  • Gatha (Av.)
  • gaw (Phl., Pers.) (yazad)
  • Gayomard (Phl.) (Av. 'Gayo-maretan')
  • geh-sarnu (Parsi Guj.)
  • getig (Phl.)
  • getig-kharid (Pers.)
  • giriban (Pers.)
  • Godavara (Guj.) (priests)
  • gomez (Phl.)
  • Goshorun (Av. Geush Urvan)
  • Gowad [See Wad]
  • [Adar] Gushnasp (fire)
  • Hadish
  • hamaspathmaidyem (Av.)
  • hamazor (Phl.)
  • hamistagan (Phl.)
  • hamkar (Phl.)
  • haoma (Av.) (Var Phl. 'hom').
  • Haptoring (Phl.) (constellation)
  • Hara (Var 'Hukairya')
  • Hasar
  • Hathra
  • Haurvatat (Av.) [Hordad]
  • Hawan (Phl.) (Av. 'havani')
  • hom (Phl.) [see haoma.]
  • Hooshang (Pers.) (Av. 'Haoshanha')
  • Hordad (Phl.) (Av. 'Haurvatat')
  • Hormazd (Pers.) (king)
  • Hoshedar (use Aushedar) (pr n)
  • Hoshedarmah (use Aushedar-mah) (pr n)
  • Hukairya
  • Hutos
  • Hvov (Phl.) (pr n)
  • Ilm-i Khshnoom
  • Indar
  • Iraj (son of Faridoon) ([use Airik)
  • Iranshah (Pers.) (Atash Bahram)
  • Isadvastar (pr n, son of Z)
  • Jamasp (Phl.) (Av. 'Jamaspa')
  • Jamshed (Pers.) (Av. 'Yima Khshaeta')
  • jashan (Phl. Pers.)
  • jizya (poll tax)
  • Kangdez
  • karb (Av. 'Karapan').
  • karapan (Av.) [karb]
  • kardah
  • karshwar (Pah.) (Arezahi, Sawahi, Fradadhafshu, Widadhafshu, Wouru-bareshti, Wourujareshti, and Xwaniratha)
  • Kavi Haosravah (Av) (king) (= Pers. Kay Khosraw)
  • Kavi Usan (Av.) (king) (= Pers. Kay Kavus)
  • Kavi Vishtaspa (Av.) (king) (= Pers. Kay Gushtasp)
  • Kavigs (cp Karbs)
  • kay [See Kayanian]
  • Kay Arsh (Phl.) (king)
  • Kay Kaus (Phl.) (Av. 'Kavi Usan') (king)
  • Kay Khosraw (Pers.) (Av. 'Kavi Haosravah') (king)
  • Kay Kobad (Pers.) (Av. 'Kavi Kavata.') (king)
  • Kay Loharasp (Pers.) (king)
  • Kay Vishtasp (Phl.) (Av. Kavi Vishtaspa) (king)
  • Kayanian (Phl) (Av. Kavaya) (empire)
  • kem na mazda (Av.)
  • Keresavazda (Av.) (pr n) (= Pers Garsivaz)
  • Kersasp (Phl.) (Av. 'Keresaspa') ('the Saman') (pr n)
  • Keshmak (Phl) (pr. N) ('the Karb')
  • Khambata (Guj.) (priests)
  • kheshm (Phl., Pers.) (demon)
  • Khorda Avesta (Pers.)
  • Khordad-sal (Pers.)
  • Khorshed (Parsi Pers.) [See Khwarshed]
  • Khshathra Vairya (Av.) [Shahrewar]
  • khshnuman (Phl.) (nani "shorter", and wadi "longer")
  • khwarrah (Phl.) (Av. 'khwarenah')
  • Khwarshed
  • khwetodas (Phl.) (Av. 'khvaetvadatha')
  • kriya (Skt.)
  • kusti (Pers.)
  • Lohrasp (Phl.) (Av. Aurvat-aspa)
  • magus (pl. magi)
  • mah (Phl., Pers.)
  • Mahraspand (Av. 'Manthra Spenta')
  • Mahrkus
  • Maidok-mah (pr n)
  • maidyarem
  • maidyoshahem
  • maidyozarem
  • Mani (Phl., Pers.)
  • manthra (Av.)
  • Manuschihar (Phl) (pr n)
  • maratab (Ar.)
  • margarzan (Phl.)
  • Mashye-Mashyane (Phl.)
  • Mazda (Av.)
  • Mazdayasni (Av.)
  • Mazendaran (land)
  • menog (Phl.) (Av. 'mainyu')
  • Mihr (Phl., Pers.)
  • Mihragan (Phl.) (Var: Mehragan, Mehregan, MEHREG?N)
  • Minocheher (Pers.) (Av. 'Manuschithra')
  • mobed (Pers.)
  • Mukhtad (Pers.?)
  • myazd (Phl.)
  • nahn
  • namaskar (Guj.)
  • Nam Stayishn (Phl.)
  • nasa (Pers.) (Av. nasu)
  • nask (Phl.) (Sudgar, Warsht-mansr, bag, damdad, nadar, pazag, ratushtaiti, barish, kishkisrub, Wishtasp-sast, Washtag, Chihrdad, Spand, Bagan-yasn, Nigadum, Duwasrud, Husparum, Sagadum, Jud-dew-dad, Hadokht, Stud-yasn)
  • navjote (Parsi Guj.)
  • Navsari (Pers., Guj.)
  • nawar (Phl.)
  • Nawruz (Pers.)
  • Neryosang (Phl., Pers.) (Av. 'nairyosangha')
  • nirang (Phl.)
  • nirang-i kusti bastan (Pers.)
  • nirangdin (Phl.)
  • niyayesh (Pers.)
  • Nodars (village of)
  • Ohrmazd (Phl.) (Av. Ahura Mazda) (=God)
  • Osta (Av. 'havishta')
  • Osti
  • padan (Pers.)
  • padyab (Pers.)
  • padyab-kusti (Pers.)
  • Pahlavi
  • pairika (Av.)
  • paitishahem
  • panchayat
  • Palash (Parsi Pers.) (king, Greek 'Vologeses I')
  • panj tay (Pers.)
  • panthak (Guj.)
  • Paoiryo-tkaesha (Av.) (Var Phl. 'poryotkesh')
  • Parasang
  • Pari (Pers.) (Av. Pairika) ("fairy")
  • Parodarsh (bird)
  • Parsis
  • Parthian (empire)
  • Patakhsrobo (pr n)
  • patet (Phl.)
  • paywand (Phl.)
  • Pazand (Phl.)
  • Peshdadian
  • Peshotan (Pers.)
  • Pesho-tanu (Av.)
  • Porseh Ceremony
  • Pouruchast (Phl) (pr n)
  • Pourushasp (Phl.) (Av. 'Paourushaspa')
  • Qadimi (Pers., Ar.)
  • Ram
  • Rapithwin (Av.)
  • Rashn (Phl.) (Av. Rashnu).
  • Rashnu (Av.) [Rashn]
  • raspi (Pers.)
  • ratu (Av.)
  • rawan (Phl.) (Av. 'urvan')
  • riman (Phl., Pers.)
  • Rivayat (Ar.)
  • Rustam (Pers.)
  • sada (Pers.)
  • sagdid (Phl.)
  • sagri (Guj.)
  • Salm (pr n) (son of Faridoon)
  • Sanjana (Guj.) (priests)
  • Saoshyant (Av.) [Soshyant] (savior)
  • Sasanian (empire)
  • Sataves (Phl.) (constellation and lake)
  • satum
  • Second Hawan (cf. gah)
  • sedra-pushun [navjote] (ceremony)
  • Shahanshahi (Pers.)
  • Shahrewar (Phl.) (Av. 'Khshathra Vairya')
  • siroza, siruza (Pers.)
  • Siyamak (pr n)
  • Siyavarshan (Av.) (father of Kavi Haosravah) (= Pers. Siyavush)
  • Soshyant (Phl.) (Av. 'Saoshyant') (pr n, title)
  • Spandarmad (Phl.) (Av. 'Spenta Armaiti')
  • spenta (Av.)
  • Spenta Armaiti (Av.) [Spandarmad]
  • Spenta Mainyu (Av.) (Phl. 'Spenamino')
  • Spentomad
  • Spozgar (Paz.)
  • Srito (pr n)
  • Srobovar (serpent)
  • Srosh (Phl.) (Av. 'Sraosha') (Yazad)
  • stum (Parsi Guj.)
  • sudre (Pers.) (sacred shirt)
  • sudre-kusti (Pers.)
  • Syamak (Phl.)
  • syaw (Parsi Guj.)
  • Syawakhsh (Phl.)
  • Tahmurasp (Pers.)
  • tanapuhr (Phl.)
  • tan-dorosti (Paz., Pers.)
  • Tir (Phl.) [see Tishtar]
  • Tiragan (festival)
  • Tishn (Phl.)
  • Tishtar (Phl.) (Yazad)
  • Tur (Pers.) (son of Faridoon) (Bund. uses Tuj)
  • Tura, Turanian
  • urvan
  • Ushahin (gah)
  • Ushtawad (Gatha)
  • uthamnu (Guj.)
  • Uzerin (gah)
  • Vaedvoist
  • Vendidad (Pers.) (book)
  • Vishtasp (Phl.) [see Kay Vishtasp] (king)
  • Vispa Humata (Av.)
  • Visperad (Phl., Pers.) (book of Avesta)
  • Visraps
  • Vivangha (pr n)
  • Vohuman (Phl.) (Av Vohu Manah)
  • Vohu Manah (Av.) [Vohuman]
  • Vourukasha (Av.) (sea)
  • Wad
  • wahisht (Phl.) (paradise)
  • Wahishtoisht (Gatha)
  • warasyo (Parsi Guj.)
  • Warharan (Yazad)
  • Wohukhshathra
  • Yasht (Phl.) ("hymn")
  • Yasna (Av.)
  • yatha ahu vairyo (Av.) [Ahunwar] (prayer)
  • yazad (Phl.) (Av. 'Yazata')
  • Yazdegird (Phl.) (king)
  • yenghe hatam (Av.) (prayer)
  • Yim [Jamshed]
  • Yima (Av.) [Jamshed] (pr. n)
  • yozdathregar ( Av.)
  • Yujyast (Phl)
  • Zam (Var. 'Zamyad') (Yazad)
  • Zand ('commentary')
  • Zaothra (Var Phl. 'zohr')
  • Zarathushtra (Av.) [Zartosht] (pr n)
  • Zartosht (Phl.) (Av. Zarathushtra) (pr n)
  • Zend-Avesta [use Zand-Avesta]
  • Zinda-rawan (Pers.)
  • Zohak (Pers.) (Av. 'Azi Dahaka') (pr n)
  • Zoroaster (Greek) [see Zarathushtra]
  • Zoroastrianism
  • zot (Phl.) (priest)


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